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Compost without peat: professional advice

Bark and its Uses at Garden

Peat used to be thought of as a cheap, easily used, and plentiful material for gardeners. However, the climate issue has told us we need to cease peat harvesting since it dumps massive volumes of carbon dioxide into the environment. According to the Committee on Climate Change, each hectare of lowland peat that has been fertilized and drained annually has released about 39 tons of carbon dioxide.

To put this in perspective, the typical person in the UK emits 10 tons annually. It is obvious that as long as peat land is being drained and the peat is still removed, we will not attain net zero. By 2024, the government will have outlawed the selling of peat free compost  to gardeners.

What issues does peat have?

Just 3% of the surface of the earth is covered by peatland, yet thanks to its special characteristics, it may store twice as much carbon as all the world’s woods combined. It is a priceless resource because it has the potential to store a significant portion of the carbon that we will generate in the ensuing decades.

Only 13% of the UK’s peatlands are now in a nearly natural condition, and this compromises their ability to store and sequester carbon. Peat is a buildup of partially decomposed plant material, typically sphagnum mosses found in bogs.

As the moss progressively deteriorates in the perpetually moist environment, locking in significant amounts of carbon, it accumulates at a pace of 1-2mm each year.

Bark and its Uses at Garden

The numerous rare and fragile native species that can only be found in peat bogs make them an essential habitat for both plants and animals. Although habitat regeneration plans are now being tried, there is no assurance they will be able to duplicate an undisturbed bog in terms of richness because peat extraction destroys the entire ecosystem.

Peat bogs also function as organic flood barriers, slowing the release of surplus precipitation and filtering it organically. Peat bogs are drained and completely cleansed of all vegetation before being harvested for use in compost. A century’s worth of peat buildup is removed by harvesting, which also leaves the exposed peat open to oxidation and the release of carbon dioxide.

Lowland peatlands are harvested for their peat, the most of which is exported, with smaller amounts coming from the Fens, Somerset, and Scotland. The majority of peat was formerly imported from Ireland, but since the Irish government has ceased issuing any further permits for peat extraction, peat is now coming from the Baltic States. However, carbon dioxide is still produced wherever it is extracted, making it a worldwide problem.

Brain Health: Drugs That Improve Cognitive Activity And Performance

boost brain power with nootropics

What many do not know is there are different kinds of supplements out there and they all serve different purposes. While some look for supplements to gain weight, lose weight, eat well and have radiant skin, only a few look for that which would help them boost their brain capacity. The truth is, rarely would you find a smart pills in the market, and even if you do find one, it might not be original or genuine. Not many would love up to their names, so you need to be cautious about it.

First, we shall discuss what nootropics are.

What are nootropics?

Nootropics, such as piracetam are supplements or anything that facilitates learning and retrieval of information and also protects the brain from any physical and/or chemical intoxication. These nootropics may even produce these effects through an enhancement of the acetylcholine or dopamine release.

They are called smart drugs because they are a class of substances that stimulate and boost brain performance. In other contexts, they may be referred to as cognition enhancers or memory enhancers.

Some come as a prescription, mostly for those managing ADHD, narcolepsy, dementia and even in Alzheimer’s disease. In this case, the drug would contain a type of stimulant called amphetamine.

Others like this stimulant include Adderall, methylphenidate, modafinil, methylphenidate and memantine.

And while these drugs are all used for specific reasons, you should never take them without a prescription. All drugs have their side effects and interactions, and for these sets of drugs, their side effects may be unmanageable and dangerous, if you do not use them under the guidance of a doctor.

The common side effects include

  • High blood pressure
  • Tachycardia
  • Insomnia and other sleep irregularities
  • Trouble with sight
  • And of course, addiction.

Some other nootropics can be sold without a prescription, that is over the counter, they are

  • Caffeine
  • L-theanine
  • Omega-3 fatty acid
  • Racetams
  • Gingko Biloba
  • Panax ginseng
  • Rhodiola
  • Creatine

Some of these over-the-counter nootropics do not have a special claim as to their use in boosting brain performance yet, however, some have claimed to use them in this regard. Even with them, you will need to take them as directed by your physician. Some carry side effects – albeit minimal but they still would affect your livelihood. An example is a coffee, which you cannot take if you have any preexisting medical condition like hypertension, an active ulcer etc.